Bernard Lyman Ph.D. (auth.)'s A Psychology of Food: More Than a Matter of Taste PDF

By Bernard Lyman Ph.D. (auth.)

ISBN-10: 0442259395

ISBN-13: 9780442259396

ISBN-10: 9401170339

ISBN-13: 9789401170338

Writing this booklet has been a excitement, however it has additionally been problematic. It used to be a satisfaction to work out that the proof of foodstuff personal tastes, consuming, and meals habit conform in lots of how one can the overall rules of psychology. Matching those, despite the fact that, was once usually like placing jointly a jigsaw puz­ zle-looking at a truth and attempting to work out which mental theories or ideas have been correct. This used to be made tougher by means of conflicting ideas in psychology and contradictory findings in mental in addition to food-preference learn. the cloth pointed out isn't intended to be exhaustive. certainly, i've been prompted by way of my very own learn pursuits and issues of view. whilst conflicting info exist, I chosen those who looked as if it would me such a lot representa­ tive or suitable, and i've performed so with out constantly stating opposite findings. this is applicable additionally to the dialogue of mental prin­ ciples. a lot mental study is finished in very restrictive stipulations. as a result, it has restricted applicability past the confines of the context within which it was once performed. What holds real of novelty, complexity, and interest whilst two-dimensional line drawings are studied, for instance, won't have a lot to do with novelty, complexity, and interest in rela­ tion to meals, which differ in lots of methods corresponding to form, colour, style, texture, and smell. however, i've got attempted to signify relationships among psy­ chological rules and foodstuff preferences.

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Extra resources for A Psychology of Food: More Than a Matter of Taste

Example text

Cannon hypothesized that emotions have an "emergency function" which helps the body prepare for or cope with dangerous and threatening situations. He was so impressed with the beneficial effects of those physiological changes as well as with the changes during hunger that he spoke of the "wisdom of the body" to emphasize the idea that the body, if left to its own devices, would do what was best to cope with existing conditions. Unfortunately, the wisdom of the body, unlike that of Solomon, is at times shortsighted.

S 0 til ~ < 11 2 3 6 6 1 3 23 5 3 2 18 2 7 3 3 2 2 2 1 1 2 1 2 1 11 4 3 2 2 12 1 3 5 10 3 6 4 7 1 1 11 12 9 4 21 6 5 U "0 s:: S ... 0 15 26 6 8 4 11 6 7 3 1 C1I 0 22 8 7 20 1 7 1 6 8 3 8 5 7 2 2 2 14 18 17 10 5 10 3 2 36 3 4 3 7 14 3 17 5 9 1 30 2 1 ttl C1I > Food Preferences 48 TABLE 4-2. ~ « ttl rJ) rJ) "0 OJ .... :: OJ .... 0.. Cl S ~ "0 .... OJ ·0 X ~ ::8.... ~ .... l:l rJ) ;:l .... ~ % Soup/salad Entree (main dish) Vegetables Dessert Beverage, nonalcoholic Snacks 6 7 6 12 3 39 5 16 6 11 4 3 3 9 20 18 40 10 6 10 3 10 12 4 2 9 52 24 33 11 10 13 8 5 13 5 9 6 6 10 33 'Column sums do not equal 100 percent because preferences for eggs, fast foods, sandwiches, and alcohol were not included in the menu categories unless clearly appropriate.

D -..!. ~ CfJ CfJ OJ ttl ~ I::: S ~ 0 CfJ "d OJ '': .... = OJ bO ttl .... ::: 6 2 13 10 9 24 24 9 48 9 11 11 4 7 4 6 6 4 4 23 14 15 28 18 6 7 11 4 6 29 7 17 17 10 8 4 3 7 11 12 26 33 13 25 ferred significantly more often during amusement. This contrasts with significantly greater preferences for healthful foods in 14 of the emotions when "healthful" includes items that are nutritionally sound but that, nevertheless, are likely to interfere with a balanced diet (table 4-3). Correlation between foods preferred and eaten: Second, the correlations between the nutritional values of preferred and eaten foods were significant for only six of the 22 emotions.

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A Psychology of Food: More Than a Matter of Taste by Bernard Lyman Ph.D. (auth.)


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