Get Accountability in Social Research: Issues and Debates PDF

By Norma Romm

ISBN-10: 0306465647

ISBN-13: 9780306465642

ISBN-10: 030647199X

ISBN-13: 9780306471995

In this e-book i've got targeting drawing cognizance to numerous conceptions of responsibility that will be delivered to undergo in judging the perform of social study. a lot of the booklet is geared up round making specific the assumptions that impression what counts as “proper” study in society, together with assumptions approximately how social inquirers could be held in charge. My concentration is on reviewing discourses round the perform of “professional” inquiry, so that it will reconsidering the way humans create expectancies for responsible social inquiry. My concentration hereon is said to my challenge that the style within which judgments approximately researchers’ responsibility are made, isn't really with no social results for our approach to life in society. i've got approached the problems by means of starting with a dialogue of tenets of the placement referred to as “positivism” (so named via yes proponents), and through contemplating the view on responsibility that's implied through adherence to those tenets. in short expressed, positivist argumentation means that researchers are required to “do technology” in a fashion that warrants their being thought of, certainly, scientists. i take advantage of my dialogue of responsibility as noticeable inside positivist argumentation to explicate ways that replacement positions have arisen as methods of treating responsibility concerns. via my manner of evaluating some of the positions, i am hoping to supply a few indication of the complexity ofethical and responsibility matters in social inquiry.

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It is wiser according to Hammersley to assign more weight to research findings than to the “opinions of people who have no access to the relevant information” (1995, p. 157). Hammersley argues that the right of all people to “define reality for themselves” that some feminists seem to postulate as an ethical principle, is not necessarily a better ethical position to adopt than a more realist-oriented one (realism here understood in terms of non-foundationalism — see Hammersley, 1995, p. 107). According to Hammersley, scientists have a responsibility to direct themselves toward understanding realities existing in the external world, and to “ensur[ing] that, as far as possible, the information provided [about reality] is valid” (1995, p.

Unless researchers direct themselves to criticizing one another in terms of some reference of their constructions to outside reality, there is no point in talking about “research” as an activity. The word “research” (as with the word “reality”) loses its meaning. The following bullet points provide a rendition of the non-foundationalist argument positioned in relation to discursively-oriented constructivism. According to non-foundationalism, constructivist arguments suggesting that scientific inquiry is a process of constructing realities, gloss over the question of how different constructions are to be assessed in terms of their credibility.

2). Criticism of others’ views (and reasons for holding these) becomes occluded within a relativist position, according to Hammersley and Gomm. Hammersley and Gomm see feminists who adopt a relativist epistemology as oscillating between two contradictory positions. 3). On the other hand, they become dogmatic when they shift into assuming that somehow the truths that they put forward are to be regarded as offering insight into social reality. 5). Hammersley and Gomm argue that the epistemologies provided within feminism (relativism and standpoint epistemology in different mixtures) serve as a hindrance to the mechanism of collegial accountability.

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Accountability in Social Research: Issues and Debates by Norma Romm

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