Download e-book for iPad: Applications of environmental aquatic chemistry: a practical by Eugene R. Weiner

By Eugene R. Weiner

ISBN-10: 0849390664

ISBN-13: 9780849390661

Pros and scholars who come from disciplines except chemistry desire a concise, but trustworthy consultant that explains key suggestions in environmental chemistry, from the basic technology to the mandatory calculations for utilising them. up-to-date and reorganized, purposes of Environmental Aquatic Chemistry: a realistic advisor, moment version offers the basic heritage for realizing and fixing environmental chemistry difficulties that come up most often.

Diverse and self-contained chapters supply a centralized and simply navigable framework for locating beneficial information tables which are more often than not scattered in the course of the literature. The e-book explains tips to interpret the importance of water caliber info, together with multiplied tables with water caliber parameters and chemical substances that relate to water caliber. It additionally includes EPA water use classifications and describes remedy tools for business, municipal, and agricultural waste discharges.

Worked examples offer step by step info for usually used calculations, drawing on case histories from real-world environmental functions. Chapters additionally supply instruments for calculating quickly estimates of significant amounts and perform difficulties that follow the rules to varied stipulations. This functional consultant presents an excellent foundation for self-study in addition to brief classes related to the circulation and destiny of contaminants within the setting.

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Extra resources for Applications of environmental aquatic chemistry: a practical guide

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For example, metals that are dangerous to our health, such as lead, are often more soluble in water under acidic conditions than under basic conditions. Knowing this, one can plan to remove dissolved lead from drinking water by raising the pH and making the water basic. Under basic conditions, a large part of dissolved lead can be made to precipitate as a solid and can be removed from drinking water by settling out or filtering. Contaminants in the environment are driven to change by . Physical forces that move contaminants to new locations, often without significant change in their chemical properties.

Continued ) ß 2007 by Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. RULES OF THUMB (Continued) 2. The most water-soluble components tend to dissolve into any surface water or groundwater they contact. 3. The least volatile and soluble components tend to sorb to soil and sediment surfaces as the pollutant is moved by gravity and water flow forces. The remaining free product progressively becomes denser, more viscous, less mobile, and more resistant to further change. 7 INTERMOLECULAR FORCES Volatility, solubility, and sorption processes all result from the interplay between intermolecular forces.

Biodegradation (aerobic and anaerobic): Pollutants are altered structurally by biological processes, mainly the metabolism of microorganisms present in aquatic and soil environments. ß 2007 by Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. b. Bioaccumulation: Pollutants accumulate in plant and animal tissues to higher concentrations than in their original environmental locations. c. Weathering: Pollutants undergo a series of environmentally induced nonbiological chemical changes, by processes such as oxidation–reduction, acid-base, hydration, hydrolysis, complexation, and photolysis reactions.

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Applications of environmental aquatic chemistry: a practical guide by Eugene R. Weiner

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