Read e-book online Assessing Science Understanding: A Human Constructivist View PDF

By Joel J. Mintzes, James H. Wandersee, Joseph D. Novak

ISBN-10: 0124983650

ISBN-13: 9780124983656

ISBN-10: 0585492034

ISBN-13: 9780585492032

Fresh govt courses similar to Benchmarks for medical Literacy and technological know-how for All americans have given lecturers a mandate for making improvements to technology schooling in the USA. What we all know approximately how novices build meaning--particularly within the average sciences--has gone through a digital revolution long ago 25 years. academics, in addition to researchers, at the moment are grappling with the right way to higher educate technological know-how, in addition to easy methods to verify no matter if scholars are studying. Assessing technology realizing is a better half quantity to instructing technology for knowing and explores tips to investigate even if studying has taken position. The booklet discusses a number of promising new and useful instruments for review, together with notion maps, vee diagrams, medical interviews, challenge units, performance-based exams, computer-based tools, visible and observational trying out, portfolios, explanatory versions, and nationwide examinations.

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Additional resources for Assessing Science Understanding: A Human Constructivist View (Educational Psychology) (1999)

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1991). The concept map as an advance organizer. Journal of Research in ScienceTeaching, 28(8), 705-711. 4o Katherine M. Edmondson Wilson, J. (1993). The predictive validity of concept mapping: Relationships to measures of achievement. Published in the Proceedings of the Third International Seminar on Misconceptions and Educational Strategies in Science and Mathematics. Department of Education, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University. Wilson, J. M. (1994). Network representations of knowledge about chemical equilibrium: Variations with achievement.

The Epistemological Vee Diagram 45 The claim of sixteenth~century scientists that maggots originate in the decaying flesh of dead animals provided an explanation that was consistent with much that was known about living organisms. ) It took the development of the microscope and some 200 years before another group of contemporary scientists (Pasteur, Lister, and Koch) firmly established the significance of microorganisms. Clearly, by the time of Pasteur's work, the notion that living things might arise spontaneously from nonliving matter was inconsistent with scientific knowledge of the day.

The psychological mechanism (Ausubel, Novak, & Hanesian, 1978) responsible for much weak restructuring of our knowledge frameworks is known as subsumption, while that responsible for much strong restructuring we call superordination. Seeking Simplicity (Parsimony) As scientists (and science students) resolve inconsistencies in their think~ ing, the resulting explanatory frameworks they construct tend to be simpler than their original ideas. This is not to say that scientifically useful explana~ tions lack complexity, but, rather, that they are parsimonious.

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Assessing Science Understanding: A Human Constructivist View (Educational Psychology) (1999) by Joel J. Mintzes, James H. Wandersee, Joseph D. Novak

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